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高中英语语法整理总结,如何学好高中英语语法

如何学好高中英语语法。高中第一次月考来临,英语作为三大学科中很重要的提分科目,在剩下的这段时间里,该如何提高复习效率,应对考验呢?

英语作为语言学科,长期的积累很重要,经常出现的高频词汇,规矩完整的语法,结构严谨的好句,都是考试过程中分数的提高的法门,但是如果想在短时间内富有成效,一是背一些好的句子,在写作文时提分。学好高中英语的6大秘诀,是时候告诉你了!而另一个就是归纳一下语法,把之前做过的相应模块的题目重新拿出来做一下,看看自己是有哪些思路上的欠缺。

从体系上来说,时态、情态动词、倒装和虚拟、冠词、it,不定代词、非谓语动词等都是语法复习的重点和难点。

时态语态是历来被称为杀人不见血,因为大家实在是对这几个字太过熟悉了,但是又难免会犯错。提醒大家在时态部分要始终记得和情景交际联合起来思考。

1.时态:

A.一过的考察情景:Oh, I didn’t know you played so well.(过去不知道)

B.过完的考察情景:过完表示过去的过去,即两个动作有先后关系,并且都从属于过去时

When she came to ,she didn’t know what had happened.

He asked me where I had been during the summer holidays.

C.过完进的考察情景:在过完基础上,增加有”一直、持续”的意味,大家一定注意语义。

The boy was delighted with his new story book which he had been wanting for a long time.

The crazy fans had been waiting anxiously at Hong Kong Airport till their star Ella arrived.

2.语态方面

有些词无被动形式大家需要注意,如turn out to be, prove to be, occur,主动表被动形式等等。

His words proved/turned out to be true.

3.情态动词

情态动词似乎也是老生常谈的一个话题,但还是希望引起大家的足够重视。从考察范围来看,情态动词由前几年考察比较多的单个词的用法,逐渐过渡到一类用法的应用。

1)情态动词表示推测的情况:+be doing 表示对现有情况的推测

+have done 表示对过去/已有情况的推测

—-Have you seen Louisa? She’s got sunburnt.

—-She must have spent too much time outside in the sun.

His father must have been a handsome boy twenty years ago.

2)should have done 该做而没做

shouldn’t have done 不该做却做了

3)shall用在一三人称表示请求和建议

用在二三人称表示允诺和警告

You shall get your book by Friday.

4.倒装和虚拟

倒装需要大家辨别出现在句首的词,副词、介短、否定词都需要引起重视,另外注意倒装和强调句型的联合应用:

It was not until 12 o’clock did he come back.

It was 12 o’clock that he came back.(强调句型中that之后是陈述语序)

虚拟语气大家需要时刻辨别”动作是什么时候进行的”另外如果大家觉得虚拟的表不是特好背,可以直接背拟三句:

If I were you, I would go with her.

Had I followed your advice, I wouldn’t have made such mistakes.

If I were to have/had/should have time. I would go with her.

5.it用法

it 考察比较多的集中在形式主语、形式宾语、强调句型当中

1)形式主语:用在句首,后面有真正主语表示确切含义。

It felt funny watching myself on TV.

2)形式宾语:动词后,有动词不定式或从句表示确切含义。

I don’t think it possible to master a foreign language without memory work.

3)强调句型:判断原则有两方面:

把It is/was that 结构删掉之后,原来的成分能组成完整的句子(因为强调句型本身就是嵌入式结构)

在that之后的句子用陈述语序。

6.不定代词

that 代指上文的一类情况The weather in Beijing is cooler than that in Jiangsu.

anything but. He is anything but hard working

if anything .—–Is he a hard working student?

—–No, he is a lazy one, if anything.

something of I felt something of tired.

7.非谓语动词

在非谓语中大家关注两个方面:非谓和主语的关系-ving/ved

非谓语和句中动词的关系-一般式/完成式

其中完成被动式是大家尤其要注意的地方。

Four of my friends, travelling from London to Beijing, paid a visit to my school last week.

Supported by his school. Mark set up a nes sound lab for his students to practice English.

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